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Further to the amazon kindle for pc notified 'Policy for indigenization of components and spares used in defence platforms for DPSUs/ OFBs', the Department of Defence Production (DDP) has now approved a 'Framework for placing Long Term Orders for indigenization by Defence PSUs and OFB'. The notification is attached for your ready reference.
While the former laid down strategies to give preference to the indigenization of components or sub-assemblies, the latter now addresses the challenge faced by the industry - the fact that the number of such items required at any given point of time are too small and it does not make economic sense for the industry to then invest in its development/indigenization. In order to address such barriers to growth, the Government has now laid down a framework by which a procuring organization may aggregate demand of an item (components, materials, spares, sub-systems, or equipment) for a long-term period of a maximum of 10 years.
Some of the key features of this framework include:
- Identifying the items/materials for long term orders – The indigenization committee of each DPSU/ OFB will be responsible ofb latest orders identifying the imported items which can benefit from a long term order of up to 10 years. The end users (Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard etc.) may be consulted in the process of identifying such items.
- Visibility of long term demand – This does not necessarily mean availability of firm order from the user, but an expectation that the equipment/platform or its upgraded version for which the items are required, is going to be in use for the coming 5 to 10 years, therefore indicating, that the indigenization of such items would also be required in the coming years.
- 80% estimated quantity to be considered – In order to safeguard the DPSUs/ OFB against any downward trend in demands, the framework provides that only 80% of the said demand should be considered for inclusion in the long term orders. Appropriate price variation clauses must be incorporated in the agreements to take care of any price variations over a period of time.
- Approval of Competent Authority – The indigenization committee of each DPSU/OFB shall obtain approval from the Competent Financial Authority with regard to the items/material identified for long term orders, estimated quantities for the long term orders, and time frame for such orders.
- Appropriate Safeguards – The framework also provides safeguards for the DPSUs/OFB against any delinquent long term vendor. It recommends that the procuring authority should consider keeping an inventory of 12 months to 24 months of the material/item that is placed on a long term order (considering shelf life and financial implications). Thus, in case the vendor fails to supply the product on schedule, the procuring authority has time to develop new vendors by using the stock available to it. Additionally, it is recommended that the procuring entity include a clause in its contract whereby it reserves the right to foreclose the long term order at the risk and cost of the vendor in state bank of cross plains the vendor fails to comply with the terms of the contract or if the indigenization does not proceed at the approved rate or on account of any other reason.
With this notification, the DDP seeks to remedy the inherent challenges faced by companies looking to indigenize India's spares and components market. In the current state of affairs, Public Sector Undertakings/Ordnance Factories (PSUs/OFs) procure large quantities of spares and components, however they only order those quantities of defence items (components, materials, spares, sub-systems etc.) that they require at that given point of time. These quantities are usually extremely low from a business case perspective and as such have resulted in the absence of any established domestic vendors. Though the Government released a notification earlier this year addressing the need to indigenize the spares market, it was practically not enforceable due to the low quantities that these PSUs and OFs tend to demand. Thus, recognizing the roadblocks present for Indian companies trying to enter this market, the Government has now provided this Framework for its Defence PSUs and OFs, which protect the interests of all the parties involved. The local vendors are able to invest in the development/indigenization of this industry on the reliance of such long term orders, and the DPSUs/OFB are able to avail considerable savings and will also have sufficient inventory at any given time.
While this notification is a step in the right direction, it must be noted that most defence platforms have a life cycle of ~20-40 years. Thus, the DDP may consider increasing the maximum time period of such long term orders from the current maximum of 10 years to up to 15-20 years. This would serve the dual purpose of making it easier for companies entering the spares market to recover their investments while also allowing the DPSUs/OFB to better plan their long term investments and activities.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.
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Digga D: 'I've learnt from my mistakes'
UK rap critic Joseph 'JP' Patterson speaks to the "first artist with a Criminal Behaviour Order affecting the type of music he can put out" in a new interview, ahead of BBC Three's documentary Defending Digga D.
The rapper explains what it's like to make music under police monitoring - and says there's a "human" side to the figure he's often portrayed as.
Twenty-year-old rapper Digga D – real name Rhys Herbert – is one of UK drill's most valued players, known for adding fun and frolics to this overtly dark and menacing sound and scene.
With its roots in early-2010s Chicago drill, London road rap, and grime, UK drill is a movement that the world has been fascinated by since making its mark in 2015 – initially spurred on by Brixton's Grizzy and M Dargg's Look Like You in 2014 – with emerging scenes now found in places like Ireland, Brooklyn, and even further out to Australia and parts of Africa.
For Digga D, who even at his young age is considered one of the sound's forefathers, his journey started in 2015 as part of the crew 1011. But it was a particular freestyle in 2017 – Next Up? – that stopped everyone in their tracks.
Heads in the music industry began to turn, and 1011 quickly found themselves in "next ofb latest orders blow" conversations. But there was one member whose stylings stood out the most, and his name kennebunk savings bank locations maine Digga D. Barely 17 at the time, his confidence on the mic was something you'd expect from somebody twice his age – with the rhymes to boot – showing his star potential early on.
Drill music has been under much scrutiny since its surge in popularity in recent years, with many seemingly uncomfortable with these young black voices speaking their harsh, front-door realities. Others think drill encourages violence.
In 2018, just as his music career was starting to take off, it was Digga D who became personally involved in this sometimes harsh world, after he and other members of 1011 were convicted of conspiracy to commit violent disorder.
Digga was sentenced to a year behind bars.
Since then, Digga D has been back to prison three times, including for breaching the stringent conditions of his Criminal Behaviour Order (CBO).
As part of his release conditions, he was banned from going back home to London and, after being released from prison, was made to stay in an approved premises hostel in Norwich.
He was fitted with a GPS tracker on his leg and was made to check in with probation every three hours - at 11am, 2pm, 5pm, 8pm and 11pm every day.
But what made Digga's situation stand out was one particular condition of his CBO: he has to notify the police when he uploads any new audio or visual material - including where it is uploaded and song lyrics - within 24 hours of upload.
He's believed to be the first artist to be given a CBO that affects his ability to put out music, which - according to his lawyer - gives the police and probation the ability to control and censor his art.
Despite his unusual circumstances, Digga says he's now used to the monitoring of his music. "It sounds bad, I know, but I'm just used to it now," he tells BBC Three over Zoom, as he fries up some breakfast in his kitchen.
"It's still stressful but it's something that you learn to adapt to."
When the terms of Digga's CBO were ordered in 2018, the Metropolitan Police denied it amounted to censorship.
Det Ch Supt Kevin Southworth said at the time: "When in this instance you see a particular genre of music being used specifically to goad, to incite, to provoke, to inflame, that can only lead to acts of very serious violence being committed, that’s when it becomes a matter for the police.
"We're not in the business of killing anyone's fun, we're not in the business of killing anyone's artistic expression - we are in the business of stopping people being killed."
"A Criminal Behaviour Order tends to be imposed by a criminal court after conviction," says the artist's lawyer Cecilia Goodwin, who also appears in the documentary and admits she didn't know who Digga D was before being contacted by victoria secret pink logo png team.
"There's a list of about 18 to 20 people that Rhys isn't allowed to associate with, most of whom make up his friends from school or friends from his area or people that the police deemed were part of a gang that he was part of.
"It's supposed to target really serious antisocial behaviour and it can be for a different length of time. It's dependent on the behaviour that the police are trying to deal with and obviously how long they feel that it would take for someone to change their ways and their path."
It's even more difficult to manoeuvre when you're a musician on a mission to succeed in such a fickle, here-today-gone-tomorrow type of industry.
"The order determines what sorts of things Digga can talk about in his songs," Cecilia says. "So it tries to control who he can talk about, what he can talk about, the areas that he can talk about. And also it goes even further because, visually, there are certain things he's also not allowed to portray. So it's very tricky. It's quite difficult working within those parameters when you are a drill artist."
Before he releases any music, Cecilia has to go through his lyrics. When Digga was preparing to release his 2020 track Woi, for example, he had to talk Cecilia through the song line by line.
One line she flagged was: "Jump out, try put him in a coffin."
"It's a dance move, it's on YouTube," Digga explains. "It's a meme, it's on TikTok."
Digga's track Woi has been viewed 13 million times on YouTube and is one of the most successful drill solo singles of the year.
His 2019 single No Diet, meanwhile, has sold more than 200,000 copies with 20 million views on YouTube.
'I've always been motivated'
Digga, who started writing music when he was 12, grew up in West London listening to Jamaican reggae and dancehall.
But he started getting into trouble when he was young, too. He was arrested at school in year eight after being caught with weed. He was taken to Wandsworth police station and kicked out of school.
He continued to get in trouble with the law and ended up not taking his GCSEs.
Reflecting on his past, Digga says he regrets the things he's done but realises he can't go back and change things.
"I've learnt from my mistakes," he says. "I wouldn't be where I am today if I didn't make some of the mistakes I made, but I'm not a man that likes to live in the past. I like to move forward and I think about the future a lot.
"Jay-Z did what he did, and look where he is now. French Montana did what he did, you know what I'm saying? Biggie, 2Pac, all these rap legends – people have a past. It's just about moving away from it and having a positive future."
"I think [Digga] was a criminal, he made some decisions in his past, which were terrible decisions really," Cecilia says in the documentary. "But it doesn't mean that he should be written off."
Digga says he's motivated to succeed, in large part so he can help look after his family and friends.
"I've always been motivated. I just haven't had the time to do what I want to do because of prison. My tape [Double Tap Diaries] got released while I was in prison, and I didn't get to see what No Diet done because I went to jail three days after it dropped."
Despite his success, Digga has continued to face some of the harsh realities of life.
While Digga was recalled to prison in 2019, Cecilia got a call from his mum, who was in a very emotional state, saying her son had been stabbed. She believed he was dead.
Digga had been stabbed in the eye and the attack left him almost blind in one eye.
"The problem for Rhys is that the world he's coming out of has caused him a lot of enemies and I guess part of that is being in a gang," Cecilia says. "Those are the things to expect if you lead that lifestyle."
So how long might Digga face these conditions?
"For Rhys, his one is for five years," says Cecilia. "The only way that you can get a CBO removed is state bank of cross plains basically going back to court and applying for it to be either varied – so you could say, 'Look, can you take out some of the terms?' or you'd be saying, 'We don't think this should be imposed for as long as it's been imposed for' – or you're challenging it and saying: 'This is not workable.'
"So that's something that, obviously, we are discussing in the background, because the CBO brings so many challenges that make it difficult for him to be able to continue to earn a living and make music and to allow him to be creative.
"The lucky thing I would say about Digga D is that he's such a brilliant artist, creatively. He's been able to try his best to try and create music without getting himself breached."
'I'm human as well'
A new BBC Three documentary Defending Digga D, from filmmaker Marian Mohamed, reflects the bonds Digga has made with the people he works with every day, including Mixtape Madness, one of UK rap's most important YouTube channels run by a group of up-and-coming music executives.
"It's very important to have a strong team behind you," Digga Ofb latest orders says, "because if you don't, you won't feel like anyone's supporting you. You'll feel like you just want ritz carlton locations usa give up.
"For me, it's always nice to have that push. I don't give up easily anyway, but it's always nice to have that extra push and that advice from people that's on your side."
Cecilia has high hopes for Digga's future, too. She says in the documentary: "I truly hope that the lifestyle he had before he'll leave behind and just be able to live a life free of violence, free of the threat of violence and free of the police and probation. And I think he can do it, it's just about being mentally focussed and keeping his head down."
Another thing that shines through in the documentary is just how young Digga D is, despite the things he's been through and the things he's done.
In one scene, for example, after he'd been allowed to move to a rented property, he's seen laughing, joking, and wrestling around on the floor with his mates as they decide where they'll put the newly ordered IKEA furniture - like anyone else on the cusp of adulthood.
In another scene, he spends time running around on the beach in Great Yarmouth, taking pictures with his fans.
And since his release from prison, things have continued to move fast for Digga. He performed at Wireless Festival this year, which in the past has hosted Jay-Z, Kanye West and Rihanna.
It was the first time in Digga's career that he had ever performed on stage.
Digga D's manager, Bills, explains that with his youth comes insecurity.
"Behind the scenes, he's not as secure as people think," he says in the documentary. "Everyone is around for the shows and the music videos [but] little do they know that the night before man is insecure as hell.
"He's a living, viral sensation and that's not easy to deal with, bruv."
Digga wants people to go away knowing that he's not the monster he's sometimes portrayed as.
"Some people will hear my music and think the worst of me, but I think the documentary shows that I'm a cool guy because I actually am.
"If you watch some of my old videos where they say the music was dark, you can see my personality in it, like me dancing with my friends and laughing.
"I'm human as well."
And now watch.
'Everyone Thinks I'm A Violent Animal': Credit one visa login D sits down with BBC Radio 1Xtra DJ and The Rap Game UK host DJ Target
Originally published on 24 November 2020.
Reforms in Ordnance Factory Board
In a huge defence reform, the Union Cabinet approved the corporatisation of the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB).
- The ‘Reform’ plan was first mooted two decades ago to streamline the functioning of the 41 ordnance factories across the country.
- In Reform, these 41 ordnance factories will be subsumed into seven fully government owned corporate entities on the lines of Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSU).
Corporatization of OFB
- The decision to transform OFB into one or more government-owned corporate entities was taken by the Cabinet Committee on Security in July 2020.
- It was done to improve the autonomy, accountability and efficiency in ordnance supplies.
- In September, the government formed an Empowered Group of Ministers (EGoM) to oversee the process.
- The factories would be subsumed based on the type of manufacturing.
- The ammunition and explosives group would be mainly engaged in producing ammunition of various calibre and explosives, with huge potential to grow exponentially, not only by way of ‘Make in India’ but also by ‘Making for the World&rsquo.
- Similarly, the vehicles group would mainly engage in producing defence mobility and combat vehicles such as tanks, trawls, infantry and mine protected vehicles.
- The weapons and equipment group would be mainly engaged in production of small arms, medium and large calibre guns and other weapon systems and is expected to increase its share in the domestic market through meeting the demand as well as product diversification.
- The troop comfort items group, the ancillary group, the opto-electronics group and the parachute group constituted the entire structure, once implemented.
- EGoM would decide upon the matters related to implementation and review any issues arising from time to time.
Aims and Objectives
- It is a major decision in terms of national security and also makes the country self-sufficient in defence manufacturing.
- This restructuring is aimed at transforming the ordnance factories into productive and profitable assets, deepening specialisation in the product range, enhancing competitiveness, improving quality and achieving cost efficiency.
- It would also help in overcoming various shortcomings in the existing system of the OFB by eliminating inefficient supply chains and provide these companies capital one online savings interest rate to become competitive and explore new opportunities in the market, including exports
- This move would allow these companies autonomy and help improve accountability and efficiency.
Need for Corporatisation
- Quality of products was deteriorating:
- The OFB had become synonymous with poor quality products, delayed timelines and lack of technological advancements.
- High cost of production:
- The production cost is too high because the production value per employee is very low.
- Despite the OFB products being priced without charging any profit over the cost of production, the military complains that the cost is too high.
- Way of Functioning is improper and fails timelines:
- Apart from the armed forces, which have been complaining for years, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) has in multiple reports criticised the department for its way of functioning.
- A CAG report in 2018 said ofb latest orders a large number of production orders given to the OFB remained outstanding as of March that year. The oldest of these production orders were from 2009-2010.
- The latest example of OFB failing to deliver to the the reach key west spa forces in a fixed timeline is that of the Dhanush guns.
- Consistent conflicts at border needs focus:
- Armed forces are involved in a conflict with China in Ladakh and have been seeking more artillery guns to “overcome operational voids in the medium artillery in HAA (High Altitude Area) along the northern borders&rdquo.
- Army Casualties and wastage of money:
- An internal army assessment mentioned about the faulty ammunition and armament supplied by the OFB caused army casualties and bled the exchequer.
- The report said that there were 403 accidents over the last six years, which had resulted in the deaths of 27 soldiers and a loss of Rs 960 crore.
Apprehension about Employees
The Government has ensured safeguarding the interests of the employees of Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) post corporatisation of OFB, inter-alia, in the following manner:-
- It has been decided that all the employees of OFB (Group A, B & C), belonging to the production units and also the non-production guaranty bank springfield mo hours being handed over to the new DPSUs (to be formed) would be transferred to these DPSU(s) on terms of foreign service without any deputation allowance (deemed deputation) initially for ofb latest orders period of two years from the appointed date.
- Till such time the employees remain on deemed deputation to the new entities, they shall continue to be subject to all rules and regulations as are applicable to the Central Government servants. Their pay scales, allowances, leave, medical facilities, career progression and other service conditions will also continue to be governed by the extant rules, regulations and orders, as are applicable to the Central Government servants.
- The pension liabilities of the retirees and existing employees will continue to be borne by the Government.
- Issues of safeguarding interests of employees are dealt by the Government.Since the announcement of the Government to undertake corporatisation of OFB in May, 2020, the Government has held various discussions with the OFB employees’ Federations regarding the corporatisation of OFB under Chairmanship of Secretary (Defence Production).
Ordnance Factory Board
The MBT Arjun Mk-1A has been designed and developed by Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment (CVRDE), along with other laboratories of DRDO within two years (2010-12), said the defence ministry. (Representative image: Reuters)
On September 28, the centre issued orders which announced the dissolution of state-owned arms manufacturer Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) from October 1. With this, an organisation that traces its roots back nearly 250 years, will cease to exist in its current form.
The OFB, which manufactures everything from tanks and armoured vehicles to rifles, ammunition and clothing for the armed forces, will see its 41 factories, assets and 70,000 employees split into seven new public sector units, an official order said, adding that OFB has an annual turnover of around Ofb latest orders 19,000 crore.
The name of the seven new defence PSUs are Munition India Limited, Armoured Vehicles Nigam Limited, Advanced Weapons and Equipment India Limited, Troop Comforts Limited, Yantra India Limited, India Optel Limited and Gliders India Limited. These companies will be 100 percent state-owned.
While in its current form, the OFB was established in 1979, it can trace its genesis back to the establishment of Board of Ordinance in 1775 in Fort William, Kolkata, then the base of the East India Company's Bengal operations.
Why and how was this done?
The centre’s decision to dissolve OFB was first announced by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman as part of her ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’ set of announcements in May 2020. The idea was to improve autonomy, accountability and efficiency in ordnance supplies by dismantling the public sector behemoth into smaller, better managed companies.
In a meeting of the Cabinet Committee on Security in July 2020, the decision was ratified and the process began.
An Empowered Group of Ministers (EGoM) was set up under the chairmanship of Defence Minister Rajnath Singh to oversee and guide the entire process of corporatisation of OFB, including transition support and redeployment plan of employees while safeguarding their wages and retirement benefits.
Over the past 16 months, the centre has held multiple talks with employees’ associations of OFB. There has been opposition by staff and three recognised employees’ federations threatened an indefinite strike last year unless the centre’s decision was reversed.
In the meetings, including with Singh, the OFB employees sought a last chance to improve OFB performance while continuing in the present set-up for some more years and that their interests be protected.
What assurances have employees been given?
The centre has said that all the employees of OFB (Group A, B & C) of facilities being handed over to the new PSUs would be transferred on terms of foreign service without any deputation allowance initially for a period of two years from the appointed date.
Meanwhile, the employees of OFB head office in Kolkata, the New Delhi Office, and schools and hospitals run by OFB would be transferred to the Directorate of Ordnance Factories (to be formed) under the Department of Defence Production, initially for a period of two years ofb latest orders the appointed date.
“Till such time the employees remain on deemed deputation to the new entities, they shall continue to be subject to all rules and regulations as are applicable to the central government servants,” the Minister of State for Defence Ajay Bhatt had informed Rajya Sabha earlier this year.Their pay scales, allowances, leave, medical facilities, career progression and other service conditions will also continue to be governed by the extant rules, regulations and orders, as are applicable to the Central Government servants, he had said, adding that pension liabilities of the retirees and existing employees will continue to be borne by the government.
The Essential Defence Services Bill, 2021, prohibits workers engaged in essential defence services from striking work especially in light of the decision to corporatise the Ordnance Factory Board. In a two-part series, K.R. SHYAM SUNDAR critically analyses the Bill. Part I deals ofb latest orders the apprehensions and views of trade unions and the continuation of a colonial practice to ban strikes and lockouts
The decision to corporatise the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) and make strikes illegal has pitted the staff of the ordnance factories and civilian defence employees against the Centre.
The OFB, under the Department of Defence Production (DDP) of the Ministry of Defence (MoD), comprises 41 ordnance factories producing arms, explosives and ammunition. Besides, there are nine central public sector undertakings (PSUs), like HAL and BEL, which are under the administrative control of the department.
The decision to dissolve the OFB and replace it with seven government-owned corporate entities was rejected by the employees, who fear eventual privatisation and losing the security of their service and retirement conditions.
On June 27, the 80,000-strong workforce of the ordnance factories and 4,00,000 civilian defence employees, under the banner of three recognised unions, declared that an indefinite strike would start on July 26.
Subsequently, the Essential Defence Services Ordinance, 2021—which prohibited strikes, lockouts, and lay-offs in units engaged in essential defence services—was promulgated on June 30. On July 22, the Essential Defence Services Bill, 2021, which replaced the Ordinance, was introduced in the Lok Sabha.
Corporatisation and OFB
Successive governments have sought to corporatise the OFB. The UPA-1 government contemplated corporatisation of the OFB following the recommendations of the TKA Nair Committee (2000) and Vijay Kelkar Committee (2006).
Also read: National security: Fortifying Defence
Corporatisation of the OFB is expected to result in economic efficiency, improve corporate governance and enable access to market funds, among others.
In 2001, the Centre opened up the defence sector to the private sector with foreign direct investment (FDI) up to 26%, both subject to licensing. In 2016, it allowed FDI under the automatic route up to 49% and above 49% through the government route wherever it was likely to lead to access to modern technology.
In May 2020, FDI in the sector was increased from 49% to 74%, and up to 100% through the government route as part of the reforms in the defence sector to boost self-reliance. In the same month, the quest for self-reliance was rechristened as Atmanirbhar package.
On May 16, 2020, Union finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced structural reform measures for several sectors, including defence. She proposed two measures to enhance self-reliance, viz. ‘Make in India’ for self-reliance in defence production, and improve autonomy, accountability and efficiency in ordnance supplies by corporatisation of the OFB. This was followed by the constitution of an empowered group of ministers (EGoM) in September 2020 to oversee and take the cells at work platelets lewd forward.
On June 15, 2021, the Union Cabinet approved the policy measure to corporatise the OFB and bundle them into seven corporate entities. Critics have questioned the operational validity of the corporatisation process.
Apprehensions and views of trade unions
The government has assured that all employees belonging to groups A, B, and C would be transferred to the corporatised entities on deemed deputation initially for two years without changing their service conditions. Further, their pension liabilities would be borne by the Central government.
However, workers have some grave concerns. Trade unions have contested the very process and logic of corporatisation and pointed out some serious implications for employees and even for the defence sector.
All India Defence Employees Cabelas club capital one credit card (AIDEF) Secretary C Srikumar observed that ‘the government is converting the OFB into a corporation only to privatise it (later)”. This apprehension is supported by the fact that Sitharaman announced in May that there would be a maximum of four PSUs in the strategic sector and all others would be privatised.
Also what is an online id bank of america of ordnance factories may lead to selective privatisation in the long term
Even if the nike adapt bb charging pad are declared part of the strategic sector, there is no guarantee they will not be privatised. The main contention of the unions is that economic efficiency can be achieved even staying within the government-regulated framework. On November 21 2020, the trade unions had submitted their reform proposals to enhance economic efficiency to the government. The government has not considered the proposal.
Besides, there is no guarantee that the service conditions of the employees will not change after two years. The service conditions of OFB staff are on par with that of Central government employees. Post-corporatisation, their service conditions would become the same as that of Central PSU employees, the OFB workers argue.
The unions further argue that the decision to corporatise the OFB is arbitrary, and violates the previous commitment by various governments and also the settlement reached with the Centre in October 2020.
Also read: Ordnance Factory Board federations condemn ‘draconian’ Ordinance
Strikes and government promises
Trade unions were always against corporatisation of ofb latest orders OFB. In fact, one of the issues of the general strike called by a majority of CTUs in the 2010s concerned allowing FDI and privatisation of defence, the railways and insurance.
In August 2019, the three recognised union federations—AIDEF, Indian National Defence Workers’ Federation and even the RSS-affiliated Bharatiya Pratiraksha Mazdoor Sangh—struck work. As a result, the Ministry of Defence constituted a high-level committee of the DDP on June 2, 2020, to address the concerns of the trade unions regarding corporatisation of the OFB. The committee assured the trade unions that it would engage with them as per their request.
When the government started pushing for the corporatisation of the OFB aggressively even during the pandemic last year, the federations called for an “indefinite strike” to be held from October 12, 2020. However, it was deferred as a result of a conciliated settlement between the Centre and the unions that the service conditions would remain the same and the federations can express their concerns to the EGoM.
However, the government and the unions made little headway for two reasons. First, while the government asserts that corporatisation is a “policy decision” and non-negotiable, the trade unions contest its very validity and legitimacy. Second, the workers want their service conditions to remain unchanged.
Corporatisation measures had been shelved for several years thanks to the agitations and strikes by trade unions. However, the current regime has assumed ‘emergency powers’ to prohibit strikes in the defence sector to thwart any attempts to block corporatisation. The Bill is similar to the Essential Services Maintenance Act (ESMA), 1968. The Central and the state governments have often used ESMA to prohibit strikes.
The use of emergency powers was typically a colonial strategy. State intervention in industrial disputes became very severe during the Second World War, when the British introduced the Essential Services Act, 1941, and the Defence of India Rules (Rule 81-A, introduced in 1942, and Rule 56-A, introduced in 1943) to ban strikes and lockouts and other forms of industrial protests. General and political strikes were also prohibited.
In the neo-liberal dispensation, governments, irrespective of the party in power, have used ESMA to secure reform objectives. In this sense, the ‘globalisation logic’ drives the state to acquire extraordinary powers, as in the defence sector now. From a welfare state, India is becoming a hard reform state which would use all the strategies up its sleeve to drive chase business account sign up bonus even if they are antithetical to the ethos of our pluralistic democratic state.
The government should not introduce laws that have a colonial hangover. In a democracy, workers have the right to strike if their legitimate demands are either not met or new laws endanger their job security.
(K. R. Shyam Sundar is Professor, HRM Area, XLRI, Xavier School of Management, Jamshedpur. The views expressed are personal.)
Tags:AITUCCentral trade unionsCITUdisinvestmentEssential Defence Services Ordinance 2021Leaflet SpecialsNarendra ModiOFB Workers StrikeOrdnance Factory Boardright to protestSlider Postworkers rights
Govt assures safeguarding interests of OFB employees
In a significant reform initiative, the government in June approved a long-pending proposal to restructure the OFB that operates 41 ammunition and military equipment production facilities across the country to improve its efficiency and competitiveness.
"The government has ensured safeguarding the interests of the employees of Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) post corporatisation of the OFB," Minister of State for Defence Ajay Bhatt said in Rajya Sabha.
He was replying to a question on the issue.
Bhatt said all the employees of the OFB (Group A, B and C) who have been working in the production units and also the non-production units will be shifted to the defence public sector undertakings (DPSUs) which are to be formed.
"It has been decided that all the employees of OFB (Group A, B & C), belonging to the production units and also the non-production units being handed over to the new DPSUs (to be formed) would be transferred to these DPSU(s) on terms of foreign service without any deputation allowance (deemed deputation) initially for a period of two years from the appointed date," he said.
Bhatt said all those employed at the OFB headquarters, OFB''s New Delhi office and OFB schools and ofb latest orders would be transferred to the Directorate of Ordnance Factories which will be formed under the Department of Defence Production, initially for a period of two years from the appointed date.
"Till such time the employees remain on deemed deputation to the new entities, they shall continue to be subject to all rules and regulations as are applicable to the Central Government servants," he said.
The minister said the pay scales, allowances, leave, medical facilities, career progression and other service conditions of the employees will also continue to be governed by the extant rules, regulations and orders as are applicable to the central government employees.
At present, the OFB functions under the department of defence production of the Ministry of Defence.
To a separate question, Bhatt said modernisation of the Indian Air Force is being undertaken following a multi-pronged ofb latest orders involving "indigenisation, upgradation and integration".
"There has been induction of new weapon systems/platforms, advanced aircraft, air defence systems and modern," he said.
"Many weapon systems and platforms have already been inducted and operationalised. This carefully planned approach has transformed IAF into a modern network-centric force capable of sustained multi-role operations along the entire spectrum of conflict," Bhatt added.
Replying to another question, Bhatt said the draft Cantonments Bill, 2021 is under the government''s consideration. PTI MPB RT
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